Turkey as a playmaker in Afghanistan


Countries with imperial heritage have an administrative culture of governing other states. Thanks to their imperial culture, the Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire managed to rule over large areas across continents.

The British Empire in particular literally became a world empire where the sun never set due to its complicated colonial administration.

After the end of World War II, the dwindling British hegemony was replaced by growing American influence.

Soon the world was split into two antagonistic camps: the market economy empire of the USA versus the socialist empire of the Soviet Union.

US revenue

When this ideological rivalry ended with the collapse of the socialist economy, the US acted as the only gendarmerie in the world.

While the US administrations felt free to occupy weakened states or carry out coups with impunity, the roles of international organizations, above all the UN, dwindled in this new unipolar world order.

The US occupied Afghanistan and Iraq under false pretenses. The following US administrations tried to legitimize these illegal occupations with the term “war on terror”.

However, after two decades of military occupation, these war-torn countries are still in political turmoil.

Almost a million people were killed in Afghanistan. As the US pulls out of the country, the Taliban have gradually occupied districts.

Iraq has become the battleground for the rivalry between the US and Iran.

While almost a million people were killed in Iraq, terrorist organizations such as Daesh and militias such as the Iranian-backed Hashd al-Shaabi proliferated in the country.

Meanwhile, political instability spread across the Middle East region. Syria has been devastated not only by civil war but also by rivalry between global and regional powers since 2011.

The role of Turkey

Due to strong political, economic and cultural ties with the region, Turkey has developed into a constructive playmaker in the Middle East region.

Ankara has strongly supported the territorial integrity of Iraq and Syria through the direct fight against Daesh and the terrorist organization PKK.

With the US withdrawal from Afghanistan, Turkey has now taken on responsibility for protecting Kabul Hamid International Airport.

Does Turkey set itself on fire when facing the Taliban, or could Turkey, thanks to its imperial legacy, be a playmaker to consolidate political stability in Afghanistan?

In northern Syria, Turkey, in cooperation with the Free Syrian Army (FSA), has already succeeded in stabilizing the cities it controls.

All public services are provided in this region to such an extent that the PKK is carrying out terrorist attacks in these cities in order to damage Turkey’s image as a stabilizing power in the region.

The Libyan balance

Turkey also demonstrated its playmaking skills in Libya.

Before Turkey became involved in the Libyan civil war, the land forces of the putschist General Khalifa Haftar had the upper hand, while the UN-recognized government of Libya was encircled around the capital.

Thanks to Turkey’s unwavering support, the legitimate government has been strengthened in Libya, which is gradually turning into a stable country.

I believe that Turkey’s historical heritage, administrative power and cultural ties with the region will also help Afghanistan become a stable country both politically and economically.

The territorial integrity of Afghanistan could be guaranteed if Turkey succeeds in becoming a trustworthy mediator for all parties.

To achieve this goal, Turkey needs Pakistan’s support.

Since political stability in Afghanistan could ensure the stability of the entire region, both Turkey and Pakistan should work together as the region’s leading playmakers.


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