While the elections in South Korea, the Philippines, Malaysia, Australia, Hong Kong, Brazil, Hungary, Angola, Kenya, Italy and France will dominate the global political scene in 2022, developments will come with the heightened tensions between China and the US connected, geostrategic space will attract a lot of global attention in the next 12 months.
Analysts assume that the rivalry between the two superpowers will play out in all areas, from trade and technical regulation to vaccinations and space stations. While in the US President Joe Biden are pending mid-term elections, in which all 435 seats in the House of Representatives and 34 of the 100 seats in the Senate will be contested, his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping will chair the 20th Congress of the Communist Party in Beijing.
The 19th Congress met in 2017, which ratified the Chinese Communist Party’s constitutional amendments and also elected leaders to various senior decision-making bodies.
Although the coronavirus pandemic will continue to be challenging as new strains dampen hopes of an imminent defeat for the virus, the world is now adjusting to adjust and repair the damage caused by the virus.
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All eyes will be on the Education Summit, scheduled for September 2022, when world leaders will discuss how to provide innovative and effective education to children and young people, taking into account that this sector is strong due to COVID-19 was affected.
According to the report by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development released last September, the educational disruptions have been severe and are expected to cast long shadows on the economic and social well-being of people of all ages.
In October, Indonesia will host the G20 summit, which will bring together the world’s largest economies. The Indonesian government has announced priorities for its rotating G20 presidency – global health architecture, transformation of the digital economy and energy transition. The G20 resolutions will lay the foundation for a comprehensive post-pandemic recovery strategy.
The geostrategic rivalry is shifting to the Indo-Pacific
In June 2022, the UN General Assembly in the Swedish capital Stockholm is organizing the Stockholm plus 50 conference, which is jointly hosted by Sweden and Kenya. The conference, after consultation and discussion with individuals, communities, organizations and governments around the world, will develop a plan to improve the health of the planet and protect natural resources. The meeting commemorates the 50th anniversary of the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment, which made the environment a pressing global issue for the first time.
According to Raffaello Pantucci, Senior Fellow at the Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore, the course of US-China relations will remain the most significant geopolitical dynamic in 2022. While the West may not have fully withdrawn from the Middle East and will continue to monitor developments in Afghanistan, the US has certainly shifted its focus to the Indo-Pacific to address Chinaâs challenges.
Analysts believe that developments related to Russia-China relations will remain the most sought-after this year as well. Unlike in the past, Moscow and Beijing want to set aside their differences in favor of stronger strategic cooperation against the West.
“In 2022 our countries will celebrate the Sino-Russian Year of Sport and we will write a new page in the history of friendship between the two countries that will be passed on from generation to generation,” read a post on the Chinese website Foreign Ministry where President Xi recently.
In India, the provincial elections for the election of assemblies in five states, particularly in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh in March, will be decisive in determining the further political course of the country.
Ultimate test for Indian politics
Sumit Ganguly, author and columnist for Foreign Affairs – an American international relations journal – said that given that Uttar Pradesh has the most seats in both houses of the Indian parliament, control of the state legislature remains for the prime minister crucial imperative. Narendra Modi. The state is home to a population of around 241 million, of which 43.9 million, or 19.3 percent, are Muslim.
The importance of these elections stems from the fact that this most populous state in India is led by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, a Hindu priest, who is said to have turned it into a laboratory for Hindu extremist politics.
âRather than focusing on socio-economic development, he (Adityanath) has devoted most of his energy to demonizing Muslims and other minorities, building Hindu temples, while caricaturing previous governments for allegedly pampering Muslims and the limited ones State revenue wasted even on populist plans as the state faces severe budget constraints, “said Ganguly.
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According to Christopher Sabatini, Senior Research Fellow at the UK think tank Chatham House, the elections planned for 2022 in Brazil and Colombia will be followed with great interest, as many countries in the region have recently rejected incumbent governments.
Last but not least, the Olympic Winter Games in Beijing and the World Cup in Qatar in 2022 are in the spotlight, as major sporting events tend to become political.
Since being awarded host status in 2010, the small, energy-rich Gulf state of Qatar has spent an estimated US $ 220 billion on facilities and infrastructure to host the global soccer competition.
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