The Iranian capital faces water shortages as less water flows into dams

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Since the start of Iran’s rainy season, which began in November, the flow of water into Tehran’s dams has dropped by about 27 percent.

Mohammad-Reza Bakhtiari, the chief executive of Tehran’s provincial water and sewage company, said on Saturday that the input from the five dams surrounding the capital had fallen to over 620 million cubic meters, while the figure was about 855 million cubic meters in the same period last Year.

He added that the current volume of water reserves in Amir Kabir, Latian, Lar, Taleghan and Mamlu dams are 97, 60, 67, 232 and 71 million cubic meters respectively.

Rainfall since the start of the rainy season also fell 31 percent to 164.1 millimeters, compared to 218.9 millimeters in the same period last year, Bakhtiari said.

Alireza Shahidi, head of Iran‘s Geological Survey and Mineral Exploration Organization, recently said that the country is in a 30-year drought cycle, noting that the drought started about 10 to 20 years ago and its effects are now more observable.

2021, Large-scale water protests took place in two key provinces, Khuzestan and Isfahan, killing several people and injuring hundreds by security forces.

As the drought persists, more groundwater is used for irrigation, depleting the natural reservoirs that have taken thousands of years to form. But politicians and experts say there are no consistent government plans to deal with the water crisis, which could lead to mass migration of millions over the next decade.

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